The plant CANNABIS has 2 children, Hemp and Marijuana. Hemp is the strong, healthy, durable and constitutional child. Marijuana is the playful, mischievous and headstrong child also known as Ganja or Weed. CBD oil is made from Hemp. Cannabis oil is made from Marijuana.
The main difference between CBD oil and Cannabis oil
The cannabis plants contain unique plant compounds called cannabinoids. Current research has revealed over 114 different cannabinoids so far, but THC and CBD are the most well known.
The main difference between the two is in its chemical composition, specifically in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). THC is the chemical responsible marijuana’s psychological effects. An average batch of marijuana contains anywhere from 5-20% THC content. Some premium marijuana can have up to 25-30% THC. Hemp, on the other hand, has a max. THC level of 0.2%, essentially making it impossible to feel any psychoactive effect or get a “high”. This threshold is heavily regulated in countries that have legalized hemp. Hemp also has high cannabidiol (CBD) content that acts as THC’s antagonist, essentially working against the psychological effects.
The environment in which hemp and marijuana are grown is strikingly different. Hemp is grown closely together (as close as 4 inches apart) and is typically grown in large multi-acre plots. It can also grow in a variety of climates and its growth cycle is 65-120 days. Unlike hemp, marijuana requires a carefully controlled, warm, and humid atmosphere for proper growth. Its growth cycle only 45-90 days. Medical cannabis also cannot be grown too close to each other. They typically grow 6 feet apart. If somehow, marijuana grows among (or close to) a hemp field, the hemp’s pollen would immediately ruin the marijuana crop, diluting marijuana’s psychoactivity.
Marijuana looks contrastingly different from hemp. When you observe their leaves, marijuana’s shape tends to either be broad-leafed, a tight bud, or look like a nugget with organ hairs (Trichrome). Hemp, on the other hand, has skinnier leaves that are concentrated at the top. Few branches or leaves exist below the top part of the plant. When you observe the plants from afar, marijuana looks like a short fat bush. Hemp is typically skinnier and taller (up to 6-7 meters).
Hemp is completely different from marijuana in its function, cultivation, and application. But these differences didn’t stop our political leaders from getting confused and “accidentally” grouping all Cannabis species as a Class A Drug and banning it in 1970 under the Controlled Substances Act. Even after 45 years, the government still seems to have some confusion in distinguishing the two plants. Although legislation is being made, progress is very slow. In its application, hemp and marijuana serve completely different purposes. Marijuana, as it is widely known, is used for medicinal or recreational purposes. Hemp is used in a variety of other applications that marijuana couldn’t possibly be used in. These include healthy dietary supplements, skin products, clothing, and accessories. Overall, hemp is known to have over 25,000 possible applications.